Psy discussion 8 | Psychology homework help


Dunn & Halonen
The Psychology
Major’s Companion

Chapter 8: Building Distinction Through

High-Impact Practices

Don’t say you don’t have enough time.
You have exactly the same number of hours per day that were given to Helen Keller, Pasteur, Michelangelo, Mother Teresa, Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Jefferson, and Albert Einstein.
~ H. Jackson Brown Jr., Life’s Little Instruction Book

Chapter Objectives

Describe how concepts and principles of psychology apply to assorted work projects.

Explain how leadership skills develop through completing projects.

Suggest strategies to engage potential writers of recommendation letters.

Describe the value of developing a psychology portfolio.

Highlight the value of making a commitment to improve the lives of others.

Student Learning Outcomes

By the end of this chapter, students should be able to:

Evaluate what kinds of activities can develop leadership skills.

Apply criteria to judge the quality of performance.

Identify values that underlie decisions about how to serve others.

Recognize how positive personal values optimize success.

Employment Statistics

Nearly half of full-time (traditional-aged) students work while pursuing a degree.

One out of 10 full-time students works at least 35 hours per week.

Successful Undergraduates

Blend academic schedules, extracurriculars, meaningful social and family lives, and work obligations.

Tend to experience high-impact practices (HIPs) both in the first year and the final year that promote retention and graduation.

Make Strategic Decisions

Your Number-One Priority:

Create an academic track record that will maximize your access to opportunities after graduation.

Choose activities closely linked to your major.

Recognize that time-intensive commitments (e.g., study abroad, serving as a club officer) can adversely affect success.

Assess Your Leadership Personal Attributes

More extroverted than introverted?









Positive in outlook?

Assess Your Leadership Problem-Solving Skills (1 of 2)

Do you notice problems that need to be fixed before others do?

Do you make sure you understand situations thoroughly before taking action?

Are you willing to do extra work in background research and planning?

Can you take immediate action once you have formulated a plan?

Do you strive to identify the consequences of the plans you implement?

Assess Your Leadership Problem-Solving Skills (2 of 2)

Do you enjoy change?

Can you take calculated risks?

Do you show courage under pressure?

Can you take responsibility when you make errors and then correct those mistakes?

Assess Your Leadership Team Skills (1 of 2)

Are you oriented toward serving the needs of others?

Can you relate to and appreciate a wide variety of people?

Do you make a point to include others’ ideas in your plans?

Can you persuade others to take action?

Do you build and maintain effective collaborations?

Assess Your Leadership Team Skills (2 of 2)

Do you encourage team members to work from their strengths?

Can you manage conflict?

Do you have strategies for working with difficult people?

Do you recognize and celebrate achievements?

Can you share the glory that follows an achievement?

High-Impact Practices Organizing Study Groups

This strategy has great potential for direct impact on academic success.

Specific Strategies

Each group member:

Predicts and explains five ideas that are test-worthy.

Writes a test question on a challenging concept.

Contributes to a summary page or concept map.

High-Impact Practices Undergraduate Teaching Assistants


Paid position


Directed study


Grading low-level assignments

Running Scantron forms

Developing ideas for active learning

Providing feedback to the professor

Managing study groups

High-Impact Practices Honors Program


Smaller class sizes

Early course registration

Strong social program

Vibrant teaching faculty

Greater persistence to graduation

Honors designation at graduation


Heightened performance expectations

Labor intensive

High-Impact Practices Psychology Learning Communities

Students are organized to study and possibly live together to pursue common interests.

Blocked classes preserve space for learning community cohorts.

Outcomes include higher student satisfaction, persistence to graduation, enhanced student involvement, and higher GPAs.

High-Impact Practices Psychology Study Abroad


Expensive, but scholarships may reduce cost

Unless language immersion, most programs instructed in English

Arrangements can be made through international office on campus or Google “psychology study abroad”


Transformative due to learning to navigate outside comfort zone

Increases traits of openness and agreeableness

High-Impact Practices Undergraduate Research


Recruit participants

Manage data collection

Assist in analysis

Present results


The skill sets of the scientist:

Critical thinking

Evaluating relevant literature



High-Impact Practices Experiential Learning



Service learning


Field studies


Mental health aide

Habitat for Humanity

Research assistant

Classroom aide

High-Impact Practices Psychology Interest Groups


PSI CHI: national program honoring excellence in 4-year programs

PSI BETA: national program honoring excellence in 2-year programs


PSYCHOLOGY CLUBS: organizations that offer presentations and career preparation to psychology majors

High-Impact Practices On-Campus Employment

TIP: If you need to work, on-campus employment offers serious advantages.

Employers are sensitive to high-stress periods during the academic term.

Work-study experience can favorably influence financial aid.

During low-activity periods, you may be able to study on the job without apology.

High-Impact Practices Professional Conventions


Undergraduate research conferences (state, regional, national)

Regional psychology associations (e.g., Southeastern Psychological Association)

National psychology conventions (e.g., APA, APS)


Keynote addresses by prominent psychologists

Presentation opportunities by undergraduates


Graduate school exploration

High-Impact Practices Sample Criteria for Poster Presentations

Content organization

Scholarly presentation

Scholarly knowledge

Clarity and accuracy of information



High-Impact Practices Mentor Relationships

Student mentors can help you select classes and extracurricular activities.

Faculty and off-campus mentors can assist you in navigating future career paths.

High-Impact Practices Summer Opportunities

Employment opportunities, summer research fellowships, and volunteer experiences can all build leadership skills and enhance your résumé.


Thinking strategically about how to engage in high-impact practices will produce the greatest benefits both short term and long term.

Discussion Questions (1 of 2)

What would be your ideal on-campus job?

What kind of research team would be most attractive to you? What kind of research team would you want to avoid?

How would you manage the cost of attending a student research conference?

What style of mentor would best suit your needs for planning for your future?

Discussion Questions (2 of 2)

What would be your ideal on-campus job?

What kind of research team would be most attractive to you? What kind of research team would you want to avoid?

How would you manage the cost of attending a student research conference?

What style of mentor would best suit your needs for planning for your future?

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