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IHP 670 Module Four Project Preparation

Precious Teasley

Southern New Hampshire University

IHP-670-Q5576 Prog Design Plan & Eval 23TW5

Suzanne Paone

August 2, 2023

IHP 670 Module Four Project Preparation

Program Title and Program Goal

Diabetes prevalence among older adults in America has become a costly health problem. Therefore, controlling diabetes prevalence in older people is crucial for their health and well-being and cutting healthcare costs. The title of the proposed program is “Controlling Diabetes Prevalence among Older People,” and the program’s primary goal is to reduce diabetes prevalence among older people. It is estimated that around 33% of people aged 65 years and above in America have diabetes (LeRoith et al., 2019). The population is therefore exposed to risks of contracting diabetes-related complications such as low blood pressure, heart disease, and kidney failure, among others. The current program outcomes and achievements will be measured using the SMART goals developed by the program implementers (Holt et al., 2021). As described in business studies, “Specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals have been used to measure the effectiveness of healthcare programs.

Program Input or Resources

For any program to be implemented, some resources or inputs must be provided or considered because they are necessary. For a program dealing with reducing diabetes prevalence, a hospital or health facility will be required, and clinical staff to implement the program activities and run the program. The role of the healthcare practitioners in the program will be to educate the population on best practices that can help them reduce the risks of contracting diabetes (LeRoith et al., 2019). Similarly, they will provide education on how the already people living with diabetes can control and deal with the symptoms. People living with diabetes are likely to lead a healthy life if they are supported and access medication relevant to the management of their condition timely. Again, it will be imperative to have other human resources such as social workers, medication, and medical equipment for measuring different health conditions among the participants, and other material resources, for instance, to provide information to the population. The main challenge that may arise from the program will be convincing the targeted population members to accept to be involved in the program (Sesti et al., 2018). Many people who fall under the identified population may not be willing to participate in the program because of different social or cultural factors. Funding may also be another issue. Such a program will require a steady flow of program resources and enablers to achieve the set goals in the short and long run.

Work Products and Activities in the Program

Any program aimed at controlling specific diseases in the community requires a high level of education and training to handle the identified illness. Therefore, the primary partnership in the program will be developing an educational partnership relationship with the participants. The program implementers and facilitators will provide education to people living with diabetes on symptoms, management, diet, lifestyle, medication, and well-being exercises to enhance their health (Holt et al., 2021). The other activity in the program will be to provide print and online resources for the participants to read and understand the illness dynamics effectively. The program implementers will provide self-monitor devices, training on the blood pressure device, a logbook, and educational material, and send inspirational texts to participants to ensure adherence to program guidelines.

Reminders to remind the patients to take their medication and follow other schedules will be provided, and participants will also be trained on how to use them. The medical staff will use technological data-collecting devices to access daily data collected from the participants in the project (Sesti et al., 2018). Access to data will facilitate the giving of feedback to patients by the medical staff and facilitate other actions and decisions that need to be taken. The other activity included in the program will educate the diabetic population on how to use the self-treatment kit used by diabetic people. This is imperative as it will ensure that medication schedules are maintained even in the absence of the medical staff (Storr et al., 2017). The medical practitioners in the program will assess, analyze and interpret collected data to ensure that effective measures and interventions are implemented throughout the program to ensure the effectiveness and achievement of the program goals. As mentioned, the participants will also be involved in physical activities aimed at enhancing aerobic and anaerobic respiration and helping the patient maintain a healthy lifestyle. The participants will also receive a healthy diet for their health status or condition.

Short, Intermediate, and Long-Term Outcomes of the Program

Program evaluation best practices require evaluating it based on the short-term, intermediate, and long-term outcomes. Therefore, any program must have short, intermediate, and long-term goals to measure the outcomes. The short-term outcomes of the program will include the adoption of physical exercises, the adoption of the recommended diet, effective use of the self-treatment kit, and adherence to schedules (Holt et al., 2021). This outcome will be measured or evaluated after 3-4 weeks after the program has been rolled out. Intermediate outcomes will include patient comprehension of diabetes risk factors, an increase in several diabetic patients who are able to monitor and regulate their sugar levels, and the ability of the patients or participants to interpret diabetes information and data from reliable sources. The long-term outcomes of the program will be to see patients effectively and without reminders, use self-treatment kits, and regulate their blood sugar based on prevailing conditions. The other long-term goal of the program will be to see participants extract information from published resource and the internet and use it to plan their treatment and diabetes management plan individually with the help of the medical staff (Storr et al., 2017). Usually, maintaining a balanced blood sugar among people living with diabetes is vital to healthy living. It helps to reduce critical stages of the illnesses that may prompt hospitalization hence reducing the costs of healthcare.

References

LeRoith, D., Biessels, G. J., Braithwaite, S. S., Casanueva, F. F., Draznin, B., Halter, J. B., & Sinclair, A. J. (2019). Treatment of diabetes in older adults: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline.
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism,
104(5), 1520–1574.

Sesti, G., Incalzi, R. A., Bonora, E., Consoli, A., Giaccari, A., Maggi, S., & Ferrara, N. (2018). Management of diabetes in older adults.
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases,
28(3), 206-218.

Storr, J., Twyman, A., Zingg, W., Damani, N., Kilpatrick, C., Reilly, J., & Allegranzi, B. (2017). Core components for effective infection prevention and control programs: new WHO evidence-based recommendations. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control, pp. 6, 1–18.

Holt, R. I., DeVries, J. H., Hess-Fischl, A., Hirsch, I. B., Kirkman, M. S., Klupa, T., & Peters, A. L. (2021). The management of type 1 diabetes in adults. A consensus report by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD).
Diabetes care,
44(11), 2589-2625.

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